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Geography

Throughout the school children learn about their local area and community, its services, shops, natural and man made features. They learn to compare and contrast their own environment with other areas. In the study of other lands they look at different cultures and traditions learning to appreciate and respect the values of their fellow human beings. Throughout their study they make full use of ICT to investigate independently.

 

Through the National Curriculum we aim to ensure that our pupils develop a contextual knowledge of significant places - both land and sea including defining physical and human characteristics. They will understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human gepgraphical features of the world, how they are interdependent and how they bring about variation and change over time. They will be competent in the geographical skills needed to collect, analyse and communicate data gathered through field work. they will be able to interpret a range of sources of geogrphical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographsand Geographical Information Systems (GIS). They will communicate information through maps, numerical and quantative skills and writing at length.

 

Key Stage 1

 

Pupils will be taught:

 

Locational knowledge - name and locate the world's seven continents and five oceans. Name, locate and identify the countires if the United Kingdom, their capital cities and the seas surrounding.

 

Place Knowledge - understand the geographical similiarities and differences theoriugh studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK and in a contrasting non-European country.

 

Human and Physical Geography - identify weather patterns of the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.  Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features eg beach, cliff, coast, valley and key human features eg - city, town, village, farm.

 

Geographical skills - use maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK as well as all the other countries studied in the Key Stage. Use simple compass directions - North South, East and West and locational and directional language - near, far, left and right.  Use aerial photographs  to recognose land marks and basc human and physical features; devise a simple map and use and construct basic symbols in a key. They will use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of the school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding areas.

 

Key Stage 2

 

Pupils will build on the work of KS1 and be taught to:

 

Locational Knowledge -  Locate the world's countries, using maps to focus on Europe, North and South America.  Name and locate the counties and cities of  the UK, geographical regions and their human and physical featires. They will be able to identify land -use patterns and understand change over time. They will identify the position and significance of latitude and longitude, equator, Northern hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich meridian and time zones.

 

Place Knowledge - Understand the  geograohical similaritie and differences through the stidy of humanand physical geography of a region of the UK, a region of a European country and a region of North or South America.

 

Human and Physical Geography  - Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle. Describe and understand human geography - types of settlement and land use, economic activity, disrtibution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork

Use maps, atlases,globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features. Use eight points on the compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key to build knowledge of the UK and wider world.

 

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